Meta-Analysis of the Relationship Between Cultural Capital and Lifestyle
IntroductionAccording to Thomas Tessie, people are now culturally abandoned. This cultural liberation has made people free from the stigma of traditional patterns of life. But this liberation can also be a bitter experience. Indeed, the world, instead of entering the postmodern world, is moving towards a period in which the successes of modernity are more rooted and more globalized than before.There is no doubt that the current modern world extends far beyond the scope of individual activities. No one is immune to, or opposes, the developments arising from the expansion of modernity. By accepting this fact, we are faced with the death and decline of the Enlightenment subject. As a result of these developments in the global arena, followed by self-consciousness derived from the conditions and characteristics of life in the modern world, there have been developments in the cultural and structural fields that have led to the emergence of the consumer society. The emergence of a consumer society, due to the increase in material commodities and the democratization of consumption, leads to the choice of everyday life. In this context, in the domain of identity, one of the essential components of everyday activity is choices that we normally make.Modernity, however, puts the person in a dilemma of choice, which does not help a person to help him in the choices he should take. This has many implications. One of these consequences is the importance of lifestyle and effective strategies.
Material &Method The present paper is based on Comprehensive Meta-Analysis. The meta-analysis allows researchers to combine data from several studies. For this purpose, the results of numerous and independent studies of the past on the subject are examined and then converted with the help of the CMA software, and a new statistic, which is called the effect size. The effect size indicates the degree of presence of the phenomenon in society. In the present study, in the first stage, after a preliminary study on cultural capital and lifestyle in the databases, 46 papers were extracted. In the next step, sociological researches that quantitatively and quantitatively examine the impact of the variable cultural capital on lifestyle have been selected. In the third stage, the selected studies were evaluated according to the information needed to extract the practical effect size. Finally, 8 papers were selected for meta-analysis operations.
Discussion of Results & Conclusions In the first step, to check the bias of the release from the funnel plot of the standard error by fisher's z, linear regression (Eggers regression intercept) and N-class error (classic fail-safe) were used. The results of this study indicate the symmetry and non-bias of the published researches and studies used in this research. In order to examine the homogeneity assumptions of 8 papers, the Q-test with 99% accuracy, rejected the homogeneity hypothesis of the studies and assumed the heterogeneity of the size of the research effect, so that the size of the random effects should be used to continue the study. The results of using the meta-analysis method using the effect size combination method show that there is a significant relationship between the total combinational effect of the random effects model and the cultural capital and lifestyle (0.828).In other words, the average size of the effect of the cultural capital on the lifestyle is equal to 288/0, which is moderate in terms of the Cohen interpretation system. In this study due to the heterogeneity of the primary research results, the effect of moderator variables was also studied. According to the common characteristics that should be studied, gender, marital and ethnic variables were selected as moderating variables. Based on the results, the size of the combined effect of women is 0.377, which shows that the relationship between the two variables of cultural capital and lifestyle in women is stronger than men. This effect in men is 237. The combined effect size in single individuals (344/0) indicates that single people are more interested in the role of cultural capital as a lifestyle constituent strategy than married ones. The combined effect of married persons is 230/0. Also, the effect size of the ethnic group (0.377) was higher than that of other ethnic groups (Maznay 29/0, Fars 0.28, Turk 0.27, and Arabic 0.24) which indicates the effect of ethnicity in relation to cultural capital and lifestyle. In general, the turning point in recent years of wealth-based Marxist discourse as the indicator of the social class of people based on the growth of consumer culture has increased the role of cultural capital in lifestyle.Considering the results of the meta-analysis and the fact that the research has been less focused on the identification and evaluation of the effects of moderator and mediator variables, it is suggested that. the relationship between cultural capital and lifestyle will be investigated with a method other than quantitative and statistical methods to ascertain the role of cultural capital on the lifestyle and the discovery of the missing key between these two variables
Journal of Applied Sociology the University of Isfahan, Volume:29 Issue: 4, 2018
1 - 20
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