Native aesthetics of plant presence in Moroccan architecture
The native aesthetics of plant presence in Moroccan architecture is the prevailing taste and approach to plant planting in its native architecture. This approach, which defines a relation between architecture and natural green elements, is the product of the native architects’ look at these natural elements, arising from their subjective identity and mindset in their thinking. This position has led to the formation of aesthetic principles in the creation of space, which examines the beauty of the plant not only with decorative and formal aspects, but also with functional aspects and in relation to the architectural space. In this study, we analyze the status of native species of Moroccan architecture, which are the result of the observation of their abundance and interpretation. By defining the native species and selecting four categories of “residential architecture”, “mosques”, “schools of theology” and “Riyadh”, we have studied examples. The abundance of these features has been analyzed in the next stage, which has led to dual semantic and physical principles. These principles, based on the lack of a holy and respectable position of the plant, are the cause of its connection to the material world and its lack of attention to specialization, Finally, plants are considered to be beautiful, smaller, portable by pots, sculptures or pendants, with a tiny texture and scale. This aesthetics that comes from the decorative and climatic thinking - in some cases limited - has resulted in a superficial, intimate presence between the architecture and the natural green elements associated with it, which could return to the roots of the climate, lifestyle, or even the powers that dominate the land. This aesthetics can also be a model for landscape architects and environmental planners to create original and native landscapes.
Journal of Art and Civilization of the Orient, Volume:6 Issue:20, 2018
45 - 56
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