Actual Position of Patient Safety Culture in the Health System: A Review Study
Background & AimToday, safety and the culture of patient safety is one of the most important topics of the World’s Health Organization (WHO), and a major concern for healthcare policy-makers and managers. Despite several descriptive studies, little attention has been paid to the importance and position of the culture of patient safety. Therefore, this review study aimed to determine the actual position of patient safety culture in the health system.
Materials & MethodsIn this review study, the keywords of health system, patient safety culture, employees perception, and nurses were searched in databases of Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, and the Farsi databases of SID, Magiran, and Iranmedex during 2008-2018.
ResultsIn this study, difference scores of safety culture dimensions of patients in various hospitals in 9 studies were reported. In addition, the scores of patient safety culture were relatively low or medium in most of the domestic studies. The dimensions with the highest scores included expectations and actions of manager toward patient safety, exchange of important patient information between shifts and wards, and teamwork in each hospital ward. On the other hand, the lowest scores were related to the dimensions of the frequency of reporting unwanted incidents, non-punitive responses to errors, and mistakes and perception of employees.
ConclusionAccording to the results of the study, there is an unfavorable position of patient safety culture in the health system. It is recommended that more attention be paid to this issue by policy-makers and senior managers of the health system to eliminate barriers to the development of patient safety culture in hospitals through more accurate planning
Scientific Journal of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedical Faculty, Volume:4 Issue:2, 2018
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