Epidemiology and Outcome of Patients with Acute Kidney Injury in Emergency Department; a Cross-Sectional Study
Message:
Abstract:
Introduction
Elimination of preventable deaths due to acute kidney injury (AKI) in low-income countries by 2025 is an important healthcare goal at the international level. The present study was designed with the aim of evaluating the prevalence and outcome of AKI in patients presenting to emergency department.
Methods
The present cross-sectional, retrospective study was performed on patients that presented to the emergency departments of 3 major teaching hospitals, Tehran, Iran, between 2005 and 2015 and were diagnosed with AKI. Patient selection was done using consecutive sampling and required data for this study was extracted by referring to the medical profiles of the patients and filling out a checklist designed for the study.
Results
770 AKI patients with the mean age of 62.72 ± 19.79 (1 – 99) years were evaluation (59.1% male). 690 (89.61%) cases of AKI causes were pre-renal or renal. Among the pre-renal causes, 74 (73.3%) cases were due to different types of shock (p < 0.001). The most common etiologic causes of AKI in pre-renal group were hypotension (57.3%) and renal vascular insufficiency (31.6%). In addition, regarding the renal types, rhabdomyolysis (35.0%), medication (17.5%) and chemotherapy (15.3%) and in post-renal types, kidney stone (34.5%) were the most common etiologic causes. 327 (42.5%) patients needed dialysis and 169 (21.9%) patients died. Sex (p = 0.001), age over 60 years (p = 0.001), blood urea nitrogen level (p < 0.001), hyperkalemia (p < 0.001), metabolic acidosis (p < 0.001), cause of failure (p = 0.001), and type of failure (p = 0.009) were independent risk factors of mortality.
Conclusion
The total prevalence of AKI in emergency department was 315 for each 1000000 population and preventable mortality rate due to AKI was estimated to be 28.2 cases in each 1000000 population. The most important preventable AKI causes in the pre-renal group included shock, sepsis, and dehydration; in the renal group they included rhabdomyolysis and intoxication; and stones in the post-renal group.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
English
Published:
Archives of Academic Emergency Medicine, Volume:6 Issue: 1, 2018
Page:
14
magiran.com/p1910138  
برخی از خدمات از جمله دانلود متن مقالات تنها به مشترکان مگیران ارایه می‌گردد. شما می‌توانید به یکی از روش‌های زیر مشترک شوید:
اشتراک شخصی
در سایت عضو شوید و هزینه اشتراک یک‌ساله سایت به مبلغ 400,000ريال را پرداخت کنید. همزمان با برقراری دوره اشتراک بسته دانلود 100 مطلب نیز برای شما فعال خواهد شد!
پرداخت با کارتهای اعتباری بین المللی از طریق PayPal امکانپذیر است.
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی همه کاربران به متن مطالب خریداری نمایند!
توجه!
  • دسترسی به متن مقالات این پایگاه در قالب ارایه خدمات کتابخانه دیجیتال و با دریافت حق عضویت صورت می‌گیرد و مگیران بهایی برای هر مقاله تعیین نکرده و وجهی بابت آن دریافت نمی‌کند.
  • حق عضویت دریافتی صرف حمایت از نشریات عضو و نگهداری، تکمیل و توسعه مگیران می‌شود.
  • پرداخت حق اشتراک و دانلود مقالات اجازه بازنشر آن در سایر رسانه‌های چاپی و دیجیتال را به کاربر نمی‌دهد.