THE EFFECT OF SELF-CARE EDUCATION ON THE SELF EFFICACY IN MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION HOSPITALIZED PATIENTS IN SEYEID AL-SHOHADA EDUCATIONAL & TREATMENT CENTER, URMIA, 2017
Message:
Abstract:
Background & Aims
The prevalence of myocardial infarction in the countries of the world, including Iran, is increasing, and the economic burden and consequences of it are also significant. It has been pointed out that in addition to common therapies, some methods such as patient education can be effective in improving patients' health. Accordingly, it is expected from the nurses as important and influential members of the treatment team to use a variety of methods, including patient education to improve self-efficacy in patients. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of self-care education on the self efficacy in myocardial infarction hospitalized patients in Seyeid Al-Shohada educational & treatment center, Urmia, 2017, in order to reduce the problems caused by this lethal and costly disease.
Materials & Methods
In this quasi-experimental study, the statistical population of was consisted of 70 myocardial infarction patients admitted to the educational and treatment center of the city of Urmia by a random sampling from the target population and randomly assigned to the intervention and control group. Self-care education was done in intervention group during three 30-minute sessions by presenting a self-care educational booklet by face to face educational method. Two months after discharge, the self-efficacy questionnaire was completed again for both groups by telephone contact. Chi-square and independent t-test were used to analyze the data by using SPSS-21 software.
Results
The results showed that the mean scores of self-efficacy between intervention and control groups after self-care education program was increased in myocardial infarction patients (P <0.05). It was also found that the mean of self-efficacy scores within the intervention group before and after the self-care program was increased in myocardial infarction patients in intervention group (P <0.05)
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
Persian
Published:
Journal of Urmia Nursing And Midwifery Faculty, Volume:16 Issue: 6, 2018
Pages:
412 - 422
magiran.com/p1912845  
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