A Model of Iranian Cultural Identity
This study aimed, firstly, to extract the underlying factors of Iranian cultural identity and secondly, to confirm the aforementioned factors via Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis. In order to achieve this goal, the researchers reviewed extensive literature on language, culture and identity at both national and international levels. Based on the literature and consultations with a group of 30 language university students and a cadre of experts in the field of sociology, an Iranian Cultural Identity model with six components was hypothesized. In order to test and validate the model, a questionnaire was also developed. To determine the reliability of the questionnaire, Cronbach’s Alpha was used. The reliability of all the items in the questionnaire was 0.78. To measure the construct validity of the model, Exploratory Factor Analysis using PCA was performed, demonstrating five underlying factors of Iranian Cultural Identity. Then, Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis through AMOS 22 was performed to test the model and the interaction among variables. The SEM results confirmed the existence of five factors. Finally, statistical results were discussed and implications were provided.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Contemporary Literary and Cultural Studies, Volume:1 Issue:2, 2018
37 - 64
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