The assessment of quality of life in Siroos community in Tehran
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
In this research we are paid to quality of life assessment of resident in Siroos community in Tehran based on residents satisfaction of seven index ( transformation , facility and service , security : identity , beauty , variety and legibility , quality of environment and contamination ) and finally their satisfaction of life. The research method in this survey is analytic – description .the number of samples was 90 .Collecting of data accomplished by questionnaire and interview . we used variance explained and one – sample statistics for data analysis .The results of this research show that although the quality of life in this community is middle-to-low (2/97) and the residents' satisfaction with the quality of life in general is lower than the average. However, residents' satisfaction with the main elements of the quality of urban life in the study area and its sub-criteria (environmental, social, psychological and physical) show different results. So, the lowest level of satisfaction (the most distressed), despite the implementation of renovation projects in Siroos community, was related to the indexes of identity and belonging (psychosocial) to 2/64 (lower than average). Also, the emphasis on physical goals and lack of attention to social goals in the framework of the modernization project (due to the traditional urban planning approach) has occurred in the face of current facts. In addition, in terms of satisfaction or distress of residents, duration of stay, age and type of occupation have affected.
Introductiont.In Iran, although consistent with international developments, global transformations are taking place in the attitudes and policies of city officials and executivesand paying attention to the opinions of residents in recent years is a significant turning point in the traditional duties of the provincial authorities.But surveys show that so far, any policy and planning to raise the level of quality of life and environment in neighborhoods and the city from top to bottom has been based on expert opinions.In other words, the quality of life and environment, the assessment of the locations and the decisions derived from these assessments were mainly performed by experts (partly). If the studies conducted globally suggest a low correlation coefficient between the evaluation of experts and residents in this regard. In the meantime, the Syrous neighborhood of Tehran (17th district in the 12th district of Tehran) has not been the exception and has less to do with residents' attitudes.This research seeks to assess the quality of life of citizens in the Syros neighborhood of Tehran and attempts to scientifically explain the impact of various environmental indicators (noise, pollution, etc.), psychosocial indicators and physical indicators (services and facilities, etc.) in terms of residents in three levels of the neighborhood, Residential unit and city and recommendations for improving quality of life based on residents' opinions and expert reviews.
MethodologyThe methods used in this research is descriptive - analytical and objective terms, given that aims to provide guidelines for improving the quality of life is applied.The instrument of measurement in this research is questionnaire, interview, observation and statistical data.The statistical population in this research is all residents of Siroos community in the 12th district of the municipality (with a population of 7,175 with about 1944 households), 5% of households (97 households) were selected for sampling.The sampling method used in this research is simple random and samples were selected from people aged 15 years and older.In this study, one-way t-test and one-sample t-test were used to assess the quality of life of residents of the neighborhood, and also to measure the residents' satisfaction from the 5-option Likert scale.
Results and discussionThe results of life quality assessment in the Siroos community indicate that although the quality of life in this middle-to-low neighborhood (2/97) is, the residents' satisfaction from quality of life in general is lower than the average. However, residents' satisfaction with the main elements of the quality of urban life in the study area and its sub-criteria (environmental, social, psychological and physical) show different results.So, the lowest level of satisfaction (the most distressed), despite the implementation of renovation projects in the community of Siroos, was related to the indexes of identity and belonging (psychosocial) to 2/64 (lower than average).In the meantime, the emphasis on physical goals and lack of attention to social goals in the framework of the modernization project (due to the traditional urban planning approach) has occurred in the face of current facts.The effects and consequences of this (purely physical approach) have been one of the reasons for considering the concept of quality of life in urban planning (multifaceted and comprehensive) in recent years.In addition to these physical indicators (transport, with an average satisfaction 3/16, and housing units with an average of 3/29 and services, with an average of 3/3) in terms of satisfaction of residents placed in next time.As well as other psychological indicators - social (security , with an average satisfaction 3/42 and beauty, diversity and readability with an average satisfaction 3/49) and environmental indicators (average satisfaction 3/81) followed in order to.The above situation represents a relatively different but low status (somewhat higher than the average), residents' satisfaction with all the indicators examined.
ConclusionThe results of measuring the quality of life in the Siroos community indicate that the residents' satisfaction from quality of life in general is lower than the average (2/97). Regarding the low quality of life in the Siroos community, improving the quality of life is necessary to increase the level of satisfaction of residents. In the meantime, any policy and planning to improve the quality of life in this neighborhood should not only be based on the views and needs of residents, but also be integrated. Therefore, measures to increase the identity and consistency and improve the transportation system are in the first and second priority, and providing the comfort of the residential environment, strengthening existing facilities and services, providing neighborhood security and improving the environmental situation are among the priorities.
Human Geography Research Quarterly, Volume:50 Issue: 105, 2018
513 - 535
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