Immunogenicity of the Multi-Epitopic Recombinant Glycoproteins of Newcastle Disease Virus: Implications for the Serodiagnosis Applications
BackgroundNewcastle disease virus (NDV) is a dangerous viral disease, infecting a broad range of birds, and has a fatal effect on the poultry industries. The attachment and consequently fusion of the virus to the host cell membrane is directed by the two superficial glycoproteins, the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) and the fusion (F) which is considered as the important targets for the poultry immune response.
ObjectivesThe principal goal of this investigation was to realize the potential efficacy of the E. coli expression system for the production of the multi-epitopic HN, and F proteins with respect to the ability for the stimulation of the immune system and production of the cross-reactive antibodies in mice.
Materials and MethodsThe recombinant HN and F (rHN, rF) have accumulated almost 40% of the total bacterial proteins. The presence of rHN and rF proteins recognized by the Western blotting with specific anti-HN, anti-F, anti-Newcastle B1, and anti-poly 6x His-tag antibodies. Furthermore, both rHN and rF have shown the specific reactivity against the Newcastle B1 antiserum as a standard strain.
ResultsThe ELISA analysis showed that the higher dilutions of the antibody against Newcastle B1 could react with the as least quantity as 100 ng of the purified rHN, and rF. Cross-reactivity analysis of the sera from the mice immunized with Newcastle B1 in two time points indicated that the raise of anti-Newcastle B1, anti-HN and anti-F antibodies peaked at 28 days post immunization (dpi). Moreover, temporal variation in IgG titration between both time points was significant at 5% probability level.
ConclusionThe results provided valuable information about the cross-reactivity patterns and biological activity of the multi-epitopic proteins compared to the NDV standard strain which was determined by the Western blotting and ELISA.
Iranian Journal of Biotechnology, Volume:16 Issue:4, 2018
248 - 257
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