Factors affecting on fertility behavior from the perspective of professionals: A qualitative study
Fertility is responsible for the biological survival of the community. Therefore awareness of the fertility behaviors and the reasons for choosing these behaviors is very important. This study was designed to explain the factors influencing behavioral thinking from the viewpoint of specialists in the year 2016.
Materials and Methods
This qualitative study was carried out by content analysis method and with an analytical approach and an individual interview for collecting the views of the reproductive health and nursing staff and a group of well-educated women in northern Khorasan with different specializations at Bent Alhadi Hospital and Nursing Midwifery School and the province's advertising site and was conducted in relation to the factors influencing behavior. The duration of each interview was between 30-45 minutes and also was saturated with 40 people. To analyze the qualitative data, MAXQDA10 software was used.
The process of data analysis led to the emergence of two main categories including the underlying factors (welfare and access, social activities, women's independence and authority, ethnic-religious factors, government incentive packages, the impact of cyberspace, the situation health Community), and Individual factors including( reproductive health behavior, self-supporting, fertility desires of couples, couples sexual preferences, constraints childbearing, child and maternal health concerns). Considerably, some of them can be placed in both social and individual domains.
Since fertility behavior as the most important phenomenon of population fluctuations is a multifactorial phenomenon and a wide variety of economic, social, and cultural factors influence on fertility through a complex mechanisms, therefore, it will be effective to identify the factors affecting fertility behavior and it seeks to provide appropriate policy with different views and different cultures in the country.
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