A Survey on the Knowledge and Performance of Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialists and Residents Regarding the Effect of Periodontal Diseases on Pregnancy Complications at Educational and Therapeutic Centers of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Message:
Abstract:
Background and Aim
The knowledge and performance of obstetrics and gynecology (OBG) specialists regarding the relationship between maternal periodontal disease and pregnancy complications are unclear, especially in Iran. Considering the key role of this group in evaluating pregnant women at risk, we aimed to determine the knowledge and performance of OBG specialists and residents regarding the effects of periodontal disease on pregnancy outcomes at therapeutic centers of Tehran University of Medical Sciences.
Materials and Methods
Questionnaires containing individual and exclusive questions were provided to OBG specialists and residents. Of the 92 questionnaires, 67 were returned, of which 58 were evaluable. Absolute and relative frequencies and the knowledge and performance scores of each group were determined and compared. Data were analyzed using independent t-test and Chi-square test.
Results
71% of OBG residents and 77.8% of OBG specialists were familiar with periodontal disease via scientific texts. The mean awareness score of OBG residents and specialists was respectively 69.13±15.35 and 83.7±16.7; the difference was significant. There was no significant correlation between the awareness of gynecologists about the effect of periodontal diseases on pregnancy outcomes with their work experience. The mean performance scores of OBG specialists and residents was 51.13±31.1 and 41.9±28.8, respectively, with no significant difference. There was no significant relationship between the referral behaviors of OBG specialists and their work experience.
Conclusion
The awareness of OBG specialists and residents about the correlation between pregnancy and gingival disease was good, but their performance was moderate. Attendance of OBG specialists and residents to retraining courses will improve their awareness and performance.
Language:
English
Published:
Journal of Research in Dental and Maxillofacial Sciences, Volume:3 Issue: 4, 2018
Pages:
33 - 40
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