Investigating the Effects of Natural Resources and Watershed Management Plans Implemented with the Participation of Field Operators in Rural Development (Case study: Gharehiran Basin of the Nir city of Ardebil province)
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Abstract:
Natural resource projects have several objectives at various levels of technical, social policy which mainly include control and eradication of erosion and waste water, optimizing the use of water and soil resources, increasing production of watersheds, including plant and animal husbandry, increase in income of residents of watersheds and reducing damage caused by soil erosion and floods and other goals. In natural resources and watershed management programs, it is necessary to consider the social, economic and organizational factors affecting both inside and outside the watershed. This research was carried out with the aim of evaluating the actions of natural resources and watershed management on the social and economic situation of beneficiaries that are living in the basin, such as people's satisfaction and attitude, popular participation, and popular acceptance of the projects. Also, the effects of project implementation in terms of stakeholders in Ghareshiran basin where natural resource projects have been implemented has also been studied. This research is a descriptive-correlational research. The statistical population of this research, using the Cochran formula, consisted of 200 family caretakers from the beneficiaries and residents of this area, who were questioned by systematic random sampling. A questionnaire was used to determine the validity of the data. Validity was confirmed by a specialist. SPSS software was used to determine the reliability and Cronbach's alpha was 0.78. Based on the results, the implementation of plans in the region, the income situation of 35%, the yield and the cost of water products increased 26%, the yield and the cost of garden products 10%, and the yield of forage production 12%. Also, the greatest effect of implementation of the implemented projects in the region on the flood disaster problem with an average of 1.01 and improving the economic situation of the operators was 1.70. It had little effect on the reduction of immigration and unemployment.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
Persian
Published:
Rural Development Strategies, Volume:5 Issue: 3, 2018
Pages:
347 - 362
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