Evaluation of Different Methods in Seed Dormancy Breaking and germination of Redroot Pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus)
Weeds, as the most important biological stress, reduce the efficiency of water use, waste of food, shading and secretion of toxic substances, leads to a 10 to 100 percent reduction in crop yields. The first step of the weed control understands the biology and life cycle of the weed particularly seed Eco physiological characteristics. Dormancy in weed seeds, including Redroot Pigweed seeds, is common. So, due to the importance of dormancy breaking and germination studies of weed seeds, the present study was designed to identify the methods for dormancy breaking and the germination of Redroot Pigweed seeds.
Materials and Methods
This research started in autumn 2013 by collecting Redroot Pigweed seeds from fields of Alajujeh village, Khoda Afrin County, East Azerbaijan Province, and then it was carried out at the Laboratory of the Faculty of Agriculture of the University of Maragheh in 2014 and 2015. For data analysis, the GenStat 12.1 program was used and the Duncan test was used at 5% probability level to compare the averages. Excel 2013 was also employed for drawing the diagrams.
Results and discussion
Analysis of variance demonstrated that the effect of treatments on germination percentage and germination rate in Redroot Pigweed seeds at 1% probability level and the mean germination time at 5% probability level was significant. The results showed that among studied treatments, seeds holding for 18 months were most efficient seeds dormancy breaking at Redroot Pigweed. So that the highest germination percentage (92%), germination rate (29.18 seed/day) and lowest the mean germination (4.2 day) time were obtained in seeds holding treatment. Pre-chilling treatment also had significant effects in stimulating germination. As regards treatments of seed holding in low temperature and Pre-chilling accelerate the germination process and increase germination percentage, so, having precise information of these traits enables to study, a better management and control of this troublesome weed.
In general, the results of this study show that among the treatments, holding seeds for 18 months at 6 ° C is the best method for solving Redroot Pigweed seeds weeds.   Highlights: 1- Seed holding in low temperature and Pre-chilling accelerates the germination process. 2- Seed holding in low temperature increases germination percentage.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Iranian Journal of Seed Research, Volume:5 Issue: 2, 2019
129 - 137
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