Reading the Link of Spatial Organization of House and Lifestyle in Vernacular Architecture (Case Study: Boshrooyeh)
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Abstract:
Many theorists consider lifestyle and behavioral systems as the most objective expressions of living culture. According to researchers, mankind and his demands are the major factors in designing the space and their relationships in-between so that if done properly, it will be helpful in creating a better environments. Wide range of human demands, from need for privacy and territoriality to social engagement and interaction with family members and others, make the home design fragile and signified, especially in stands of public, semi-public and private spaces inside the house. Living methods and human’s choices are related to their ideals, principles, rules and their everyday behavior. Therefore, studying and understanding the effectiveness of lifestyle and behaviors caused by it are important for developments of form and spatial arrangements of local houses. Therefore, this research was a case study conducted by using a combination of methods, including descriptive, analytical and logical reasoning methods. This study was conducted using field observation, library research, interview, questionnaire, and comparative analogy. The combined methodology indicates the highest convergence between two methods or more. The advantage of this approach is that the strengths of the various methods complement each other and the weaknesses of each method are largely covered. Selected sample is a historical texture of Boshrooyeh city. In this texture, residential architecture of Timurid, Safavid   and Qajar eras can be seen in their vernacular forms is its major specification plus persistence and its influence in surrounding areas.  Considering the impact of social-cultural issues in architecture is the subject that many theorists of this field have addressed to, Rappaport and Oliver consider the cultural backgrounds as an affective factor in the formation of vernacular architecture as Rappaport also has stated, “Space defines a meaning” and Grout and Wang also have stressed the importance of attention for environmental designers to social-cultural aspects .The pattern should organize the spatial and configure it to be examined in order to understand the connection  in-between the design of the built environment and subsequently cultural dimensions. this study aims to provide a base to design the relations among main spaces of houses. Presenting design values model (profile) for house spatial arrangement based on local lifestyle. The results of the study show that lifestyle and latent aspects of quite simple activities illuminate the reasons of special organizations of local residential environments. Finally, wide variety of latent aspect of pure activities leads to diverse establishment for these activities and diversity of established systems for systems of activities. The main point is that the achievements from the research show that the vast variety of hidden faces of sheer activities which leads to a variety of deployments for these activities and the diversity of deployment systems for operating systems. Then it causes a variety of environments such as the types of spatial arrangement in different residential areas, therefore it should be acknowledged that both lifestyle and activity systems, simultaneously are very useful in analyzing and designing, and they help designers and planners to achieve the appropriate housing pattern.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
Persian
Published:
Housing And Rural Environment, Volume:37 Issue: 164, 2019
Pages:
69 - 84
magiran.com/p1962284  
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