Identifying Effective Factors in Creating Home Attachment Based Using Grounded Theory (Case Study: Residential Units in Isfahan)
People communicate with their surrounding environment in different ways. Emotional interaction is one of these ways which can involve positive feelings such as place attachment, belonging to place and so on. On the other hand negative emotional interaction leads to dissatisfaction or sometimes aversion to places which may result in psychological inconveniences. Home is one of the most important places which we interact in our daily lives.  Home attachment is positive emotional relationship between home and its dwellers which may result in place dependence. By forming this synthesis, home becomes an anchor for its dwellers which brings safety, solace and tranquillity to them. Also it may lead to home preservation and caring by residents. It is a mutual interaction which is affected by house characteristics as well as dwellers' attributes. To create this kind of interaction some physical and social prerequisites are needed to exist at home. Without supplying these prerequisites, developing home attachment seems improbable. This article aims to find solutions to create this kind of relationship between people and their homes. Therefore it seeks for effective factors which may facilitate the process of developing home attachment. It tries to find those of home attributes and characters that play role in creating home attachment. To reach this aim, this survey has adopted a qualitative approach. The method employed here is "Grounded Theory".  Research data is gathered by semi-structured interview with 30 persons in selected areas in Isfahan. Participants are selected from residents between ages 20 to 65. The results of this study show that in creating home attachment, two groups of house characteristics are effective: "house indoor characteristics" and "house outdoor characteristics". Based on this research "home ownership", "physical permanence and comforting qualities of the house", "furniture and interior equipments of the house", "positive emotional relationships at home", are interior factors and "house external appearance", "neighboring satisfaction", "quality and good reputation of neighborhood" are exterior factors that play role in developing home attachment. Therefore developing solutions to enrich these characteristics and qualities in both araes of inside and outside of the houses, may lead to create or strength this emotional bond in residential environments. Also results show that among various attributes of home the followings can cause home attachment and therefore are determinative in establishing this kind of relationship: being home as a haven, as a symbol of social status, as a context for positive emotional relationships and as a context for satisfying human needs. Planning to enrich home of these attributes, will increases the opportunity to create home attachment for its dwellers. This enrichment can be planned in social and physical schemes. Environmental designers and planners are in charge of the physical ones and should create physical solutions to improve these meanings at home. In this case creating homes which ease dwellers' attachment is more probable. Lack of these characteristics will result in decreasing home attachment. Concentrating on these factors and presenting physical and social solutions to improve them can result in creating homes which may ease attachment for their dwellers. By considering these factors in designing houses we can be hopeful that dwellers will feel attached to their homes. Therefore they will feel safe and tranquil which is the final aim of settling at homes. This research can act as a fundamental research and presents a steppingstone for achieving solutions to create home attachment in different areas of knowledge.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Housing And Rural Environment, Volume:37 Issue: 164, 2019
85 - 100  
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