A Methodology Study of the Concept of Spirituality in Tourism According to Fuzzy Logic
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
The Study of the concept of spirituality in tourism is not from among new study approaches, or a study of a particular kind of tourism or simply a religious perspective to tourism; rather it is an indicator of spiritual contents that today's tourism is submerged in, in order to discover and attain non-material values and the reality during the length of its journey. This research offers a new perspective in the study of the methodology of tourism studies with a descriptive-analytical approach, conjunctive view, while using library documentation and a review of theoretical foundations according to Fuzzy Logic methodology. The Fuzzy Logic theory possesses a more precise capacity to explain and analyze concepts and phenomena and also a spectral reading of phenomena which uses the binary numbers of 0 and 1 as the extreme points of reality and accepts that there are infinite points of reality between the two of them; therefore, in order to more precisely and comprehensively understand reality, one must have a hierarchical view towards phenomena. With this approach, spirituality in tourism includes a great variety of concepts and elements, all of which are ambiguous and graded; similar to reasoning and probing, religious denomination and beliefs, mutual relations, quality of life and culture, the propositions of spirituality in tourism essentially possess Fuzzy and Spectral logic not only with Fuzzy Logic but because of the essential ambiguity that exists in concepts and elements because of their metaphysical aspect. Therefore, this study is built upon the studies related to spirituality in tourism, and the methodology which is used is that of Fuzzy logic. According to its results, this important approach must be paid attention so that the great capacities of spirituality in tourism in the areas of knowledge and action can be correctly utilized.
International Journal of Tourism? Culture and Spirituality, Volume:3 Issue: 2, Winter and Spring 2019
85 to 105
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