The role of Red Crescent Society public education in urban crisis management
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Abstract:
Background
Since crises are inevitable, it is essential to institutionalize preparedness measures and strategies for dealing with hazards among citizens with a comprehensive, planned and public policy. Under such circumstances, citizens will be able to save the lives of themselves and their family members, even if they had no power, sufficient knowledge, and motivation to help others or participate in DAVAM plan (local volunteer groups for emergency response). In this regard, this study aims to investigate the effect of Red Crescent Society public education on urban crisis management in Zahedan city.
Method
In this applied descriptive survey with correlation approach, citizens of Zahedan city were studied. In the following, a sample size of 384 was selected by using Morgan table based on simple random sampling. Data collected through Pourkarimi public education questionnaire (2016) and Jahromi crisis management questionnaire (2001). Experts confirmed the questionnaires content and structure validity through both confirmatory factor analysis and Amos software; also, the reliability was calculated using Cronbach's alpha (0.96 and 0.93). Data were analyzed using SPSS-20 software in descriptive statistics level (frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation) and inferential statistics level (Kolmogorov-Smirnoff test, Pearson correlation and multiple regressions).
Findings
According to the findings, correlation between independent and dependent variable was 0.882 and coefficient of determination was 685, which indicated about 68.5% of urban crisis management capabilities are related to Red Crescent Society public education due to citizens’ point of view. However, the motivational mechanisms with regression coefficient (0.471), need assessment (0.268), and performance (0.1056) had the greatest impact among the components of public education respectively. In addition, the two components of design and assessment did not have a significant impact on urban crisis management based on calculate regression coefficients, t-statistic, and significance level.
Conclusion
The results showed that public education Red Crescent Society has significant effect on urban crisis management.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
Persian
Published:
Journal of Rescue and Relief, Volume:10 Issue: 2, 2018
Pages:
1 - 17
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