Identifying and Prioritizing the Barriers to Employment of motional disabled People in the Private Sector from the Perspective of Entrepreneurs and disabled People with the ANP Approach
Background & ObjectiveIn present era, attention to the issue of employment and use of existing workforce is one of the main concerns of each state. Unemployment among disabled people, in addition to creating many economic problems and difficulties for them also reduces their human, social and cultural status in society and promotes the spirit of despair, self-consciousness, recession and disability among them. The purpose of this study was to identify and prioritize the barriers to employment of motional disabled people in the private sector from the perspective of entrepreneurs and disabled people.
MethodsThe study, in purpose was an applied and in nature was a descriptive. Due to the complexity and specialty of this study, the statistical population of the study consisted of two groups. First group included all motional disabled people in Genaveh city (Bushehr province, south of Iran), who were over 15 years and second group was entrepreneurs in the city. A total of 67 people with motion-based disability were selected from the city using a snowball sampling method. Due to limited statistical population of the second group, all of them were selected as subjects (25 people). It should be noted that a number of entrepreneurs were experts in the welfare organization. In order to find an appropriate answer to identify the obstacles to employment of motional disabled persons, the interview was used in two stages. First, open-minded interviews with the motional disabled group were conducted to familiarize entrepreneurs with barriers faced by the motional disabled people. In the second stage, to determine which components expressed in terms of entrepreneurs were considered as real obstacles a supplementary interview was conducted with the entrepreneur Group. The result of this phase of the interview was the determination of all obstacles to the employment of motional disabled people in the private sector from the perspective of entrepreneurs. In this study, a pairwise comparison questionnaire was used to rank these barriers, the network analysis process (ANP) and Super Decisions software were used.
ResultsTwenty and one components were identified as obstacles to employment of motional disabled people in the private sector. Confirmatory confirmation analysis showed that 21 component have been formed of five factors of individual ability, strategic, environmental, cost and attitude. All components have been influenced by their respective factors. It was also found that barriers to individual abilities the least important and strategic barriers are the most important barriers to employment. Of these 21 components, lack of a primary location for starting an activity with a weight of 0.0046 was the least important barrier, and persistence with a weight of 0.322 was the most important obstacle to the employment of motional disabled people was achieved
ConclusionAccording to the findings, it was found that motional disabled people in the field of employment in a private sector faced with five main obstacles individual ability, strategic, environmental, cost and attitude, which should be given serious attention.
Middle Eastern Journal of Disability Studies, Volume:8 Issue: 14, 2018
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