The Study of the Impact of Urban Public Space on the Dimensions of Social Welfare(Case Study: The Citizens of Tehran City)
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Abstract:
Urban space is deemed as an area of a city and a public place that manifests urban activities influencing the personal and social needs of a community. It also affects the living conditions of individuals, including biological, social, economic, and political ones; that can provide people with welfare. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of public urban space on the dimensions of social wellbeing targeted citizens aged 18-70 years in Tehran. This research is classified as an applied study based on the purpose, as well as a holistic and cross-sectional study in terms of the scope and time, respectively. The field and survey research were carried out to obtain information which the date was collected using a questionnaire. According to Cochran's formula, the sample size was estimated 625 individuals which random and multistage cluster sampling method were employed. The descriptive findings indicate that the quality of the urban public space was evaluated at medium and high level on 47% and 51.7% of the citizens   ‘responses, respectively. 44.2% believed that they have access to welfare services at an average level and 53% stand at a high level. According to structural equation modeling results, the inferential findings show that dimensions of satisfaction (0.61), social security sense (0.52), providing basic needs (0.48), and feeling of relative deprivation (-33. 0) are influenced by the urban public space variable as an independent variable (at the confidence interval of 95%). The results support the hypothesis that urban public space has an impact on the dimensions of social welfare among the citizens of Tehran.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
Persian
Published:
Social Development & Welfare Planing, Volume:10 Issue:37, 2018
Pages:
27 - 58
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