An overview of land use planning models with emphasis on the efficiency of geomorphologic model in Iran
Any land use program will be carried out at the ground level and will result in changes in landfill, surface and even underground landforms. In this regard, it is necessary to pay attention to the importance of landfills and landforms in their role in land application models., considering that geomorphologic knowledge studies the forms and processes of the Earth, it is necessary to consider the characteristics and processes affecting landforms in order to environmental Capability assessment in the land use planning In this research, the methods of environmental Capability assessment in land use planning of used in Iran from the geomorphology viewpoint have been investigated and analyzed. Investigating the methods according to the criteria used in each method showed that in the Land System Approch, the criteria of climate, fault, groundwater and environmental hazards are not considered, and also in the Natural Resources Master Plan, attention to environmental hazards And only two protection and grassland of land use are defined.In a system analysis, given that experts have different specializations, they do not take into account all the components of a system The Urban, Rural, and Industrial Development Model of McHarg and Makhdoum have a general view of nature. Therefore, the new environmental Capability assessment model was proposed based on the integration of existing methods and according to the geomorphology viewpoint, in order to evaluate the environmental Capability assessment based on the base units of the landform, and the resulting results would be more consistent with the Earth's realities. This model includes assessing ecological capability and assessing the environmental hazards. In assessing ecological capability, sub-criteria for dominant winds, slope curvature, surface water and underground water were added. Also, in the land parcel standard, a different classification of landforms for urban development was presented, and environmental risk assessment included flood potential assessment, landslide and seismicity.
Geography, Volume:17 Issue:60, 2019
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