Spiritual Leadership Model as a Paradigm for Nursing Leadership: A Review Article
IntroductionThe aim of this study was to explain how the spiritual leadership modelcould be used as a paradigm for nursing leadership. Nursing leaders play a critical rolein the management of the health care system. Spiritual leadership is a new area that hasrecently been considered in nursing management.
MethodsIn this review article, electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, GoogleScholar and Science Direct) were searched from September 2014 to July 2016 to findrelevant articles using keywords, such as spirituality, leadership, management, nursesand motivation. In this regard, the articles that fulfilled the goals of the study that werewritten in English or Persian, had their full texts accessible, and were published in theintended time interval were entered in the study. The articles without authors’ namesand dates and non-scientific papers were excluded from the study. On the whole, a totalof 120 articles were obtained, of which 48 were selected and analyzed.
ResultsA review of the literature focusing on spiritual leadership demonstrated thatthe spiritual leadership model has been examined in different countries, various fieldsof the industry, trade training, and the health system with positive individual andorganizational consequences. It seems that the characteristics of this style of leadershipfits the nursing profession as well. Of course, more large-scale future studies for testingthis model of leadership in the field of nursing will bring about more promising results.
ConclusionsSpiritual leadership could improve the organizational productivity andemployees’ satisfaction. Nursing leaders should have paid greater attention to this typeof leadership to achieve positive organizational outcomes; therefore, they need moretraining in this issue..
Advances in Nursing & Midwifery, Volume:27 Issue:4, 2018
43 - 46
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