Students’ Perception of Nursing Role Function (SP-NRF): Development and Psychometric Testing
Message:
Abstract:
Background
Although assessment of nursing students' perception of role function is very important, no questionnaire is currently available to measure this phenomenon. The aim of this study was to develop a students’ perception of nursing role function (SP-NRF) questionnaire and to test its psychometric properties.
Methods
Developing the questionnaire and assessing its psychometric properties were performed through a cross-sectional study. The setting was School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Nursing students participated in this study. In the instrument development phase, 21 nursing students were asked to explain the secondary role function of nursing. The data were then analyzed by content analysis, giving 14 categories with 55 items. Afterwards, content validity rate (CVR) and content validity index (CVI) were determined. In the questionnaire's psychometric evaluation phase, 134 nursing students filled out the 52-item questionnaire. The construct validity was assessed, as well. Internal consistency and test-retest methods were used to assess the questionnaire's reliability.
Results
The SP-NRF questionnaire consisted of 51 items across the following seven subscales: “professional ethical care activities", "holistic care activities", "educational and professional collaborative activities", "cultural and spiritual activities", "protective activities", "professional skills activities", and "supportive activities". The CVR and CVI in all the items were higher than 0.60 and 0.75, respectively. The final model in confirmatory factor analysis showed that this 51-item SP-NRF had a good fitness. Besides, Cronbach’s α for the total questionnaire and test-retest reliability were 0.967 and 0.793, respectively.
Conclusion
The SP-NRF is a valid and reliable questionnaire for identifying the students’ perception of nursing role function. Measuring the nursing students' perception of role function not only enhances our understanding of this phenomenon, but it also helps design better curricula and teaching strategies for nursing students in order to prepare them to accept their roles in future.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
Persian
Published:
Sadra Medical Sciences Journal, Volume:7 Issue: 2, 2019
Pages:
185 - 200
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