A Sociological Study of Sexual Harassment Experience by Women in Workplace (Empirical Test of Routine Activity Theory)
Introductionthe present research, have been aimed to study amount of the experience of sexual harassment of employed women in the workplace and the social analysis of the causes of sexual harassment. Independent variables of the analytical model, which following to explain the main dependent variable of the research (the amount experience of women sexual harassment in the workplace), are amount of diagnosis as a suitable target, the amount of the presence of the motivating subject and the absence of protection.
MethodIn this research, the theory of Routine activities has been used as a theoretical framework and has been surveyed by a questionnaire tool among 400 women working in hospitals in Karaj.
FindingThe descriptive results of this study show that 67% of respondents experienced at least one occurrence of sexual harassment (verbal and non-verbal) at work. It was also found that the proportion of non-verbal disturbances (such as Hayes's look, etc.) was slightly higher compared to the verbal disturbance (reverberation, etc.).The results of regression analysis show that, in general, the combination of three variables: the motivational subject (male colleague of the hospital), the appropriate target (female hospital staff) and the lack of protection (poor monitoring in the hospital) of 0.573 with the variable of experience Sexual intercourse has been correlated with women and has been able to explain and predict 33% of its fluctuations. However, in terms of beta, the strongest predictor variables for the degree of sexual harassment at the workplace were, respectively, the presence of motivating agents (beta 0.536), the rate of detection as the appropriate target (0.436), and lack of protection (0.104).
DiscussionThus, according to the results of this study, the amount of experience of sexual harassment of employed women in the workplace was greater among those women who, on the one hand, had some demographic and personal characteristics that made them more suitable for the victim of harassment Sexual orientation, secondly, at work, there were men who had more motivated men to engage in sexual harassment, and, thirdly, at work there was not enough organizational and personal protection to prevent sexual harassment. This result suggests that the theory of routine activities is predictive of sexual harassment in the workplace.
Social Welfare Quarterly, Volume:19 Issue:72, 2019
91 - 130
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