The Conflict or Confirmity of Solitary Doctrine in Sufism with the Social Participation in the Islamic Shari'a
Author(s):
Message:
Abstract:
Quranic verses and Narratives of the Prophet and Religious judgments indicate that Islam has paid much attention to the social presence of the Muslim individual, and they consider that the isolation is unnecessary. For this reason, the scholars and jurisprudents, who are critics of Sufism, are suspicious to this Way. The existence of isolationist behaviours in some Sufi classes has led their critics to recognize mysticism and spirituality as contradictory to social sensitivities and the mystic neglect from the environment of their society is considered as the cause of many social and political abnormalities and therefore opposes the promotion of mystical behaviours. This is while the mystic in this regard show that: (1) that are in conflict with absolute omnipresence, such as the conversation that emphasizes more and more before the seclusion, or the doctrine of sacrifice (2) The rest and isolation are bound to the degree of the individual and for a limited time, and this observation is incompatible with ascetic isolation; (3) In the field of beliefs and motives, they do not regard the community as filthy and accused, but they are suspicious of themselves and their motivation is to protect others, and It differs with the isolation from suspicion of the congregation; their goal is also to achieve inner solitary, not separation from the congregation; (4) In the Sufis' view, the solitary has its precedence in the Quran and the tradition and is not opposite of sharia. In their rituals, emphasis is placed on the keeping of the law, especially collective worship, such as prayer and Friday prayers. In addition, the presence of a Sufis in social and political areas is an indication of the falsehood of the claim by the critics of Sufism to accuse it of monasticism.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
Persian
Published:
Religions & Mysticism, Volume:51 Issue: 2, 2019
Pages:
273 - 290
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