Episiotomy is the most commonly performed surgical procedure during delivery, and its associated pain is a major problem in obstetrics. This study aimed to determine the effect of Olea ointment on the severity of post‑episiotomy pain in primiparous women.
This paralleled randomized controlled clinical trial was performed on 73 primiparous women in Al‑Zahra hospital in Rasht, Iran in 2017‑2018. Women were randomly allocated into intervention (n = 39) and control (n = 34) groups. The first intervention was performed 4 h after the episiotomy. This continued every 8 h for 10 days. The pain intensity of episiotomy was assessed by the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) before intervention, 2 and 24 h after the beginning of intervention, and 5 and 10 days after childbirth. Descriptive and inferential statistics (Mann‑ Whitney, Fisher exact test, Independent t‑test, Friedman test, and Chi‑square) were performed for statistical analysis.
There were no significant differences among two groups in terms of demographic and obstetrics characteristics. The severity of pain in intervention and control group before the intervention was not statistically significant, but the variable depicted a meaningful difference between the groups 2 h after the intervention (U = 483.50, p = 0.021), 24 h after the intervention (U = 489.50, p = 0.019), as well as the 5th day (U = 112.50, p < 0.001) and 10th day postpartum (U = 136.50, p < 0.001).
Based on the findings, Olea ointment could be used effectively for reducing of episiotomy pain. Similar studies are recommended.