The effect of Particle size and harvesting steps of forage corn on silage characteristics, digestibility and Nutrients consumption of Holstein dairy cows
Increasing the content of corn silage due to aging of the plant, in the diet of dairy cows, increases the stratification of rumen solids and Rumination activity and fragment particles in the rumen. Particle size remains selectively in the rumen, and this justifies the difference in the digestibility of diets with similar chemical compounds. In this experiment, the effect of harvesting stage and particles size of forage corn in a completely randomized design was compared to Holstein The forage was planted in standard condition and harvested in milk stage and dough stage of maturity.This experiment showed that effect of harvesting stage on the chemical composition and fermentation of silage was significant. Also, forage corn silage in second harvest showed significantly higher Quality. Also, the effect of particle size and harvesting stage on dry matter consumption and consumption of chemical compounds of diet was significant. The harvesting stage and the particle size could have a significant effect on the DMD and OMD. The diets containing Forage corn silage in the second harvest, contains of higher amount of iNDF and cause of more DMI less DMD and less ME. Also, rations containing forage corn with a long particle size had high OMD and low DMD.
Journal of Animal Environment, Volume:11 Issue:2, 2019
53 - 62
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