Comparative Analysis of LASIK Flap Diameter and its Centration Using Two Different Femtosecond Lasers

The aim of this study was to compare the diameter, accuracy, variability, and centration with respect to the limbus of corneal flaps created by two femtosecond lasers, the VisuMax, and Wavelight FS200, for laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and how these flaps affect visual outcomes. This is a retrospective chart review of flap morphology created during LASIK Surgery. Overall, 168 eyes underwent flap creation using the WaveLight FS200 laser, and on 189 eyes, the VisuMax laser was used. Of these total number, flap morphology was analyzed in a random sample of 158 eyes; 80 with the Visumax laser and 78 with the WaveLight FS200 laser. Intraoperative photos of the flaps taken by the Wavelight Allegretto EX500 were analyzed. Flap diameters and centration were measured using Adobe Acrobat Pro. All patients had visual acuity measurements including uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), spherical equivalent refraction (SE) and refractive astigmatism recorded three months postoperatively. Greater than 90% of patients in both groups achieved a UDVA of 20/20 postoperatively. The mean difference between targeted and achieved flap diameter was 0.50 +/- 0.15 mm in the VisuMax group and 0.35 +/- 0.15 millimeters (mm) in the FS200 group (P<0.01). The flap diameters of the VisuMax group were more precise with a variance of 0.024 mm compared to a variance of 0.038 mm in the FS200 group (P<0.05). VisuMax flaps were more nasally displaced (log(NA/TA) = -0.21 +/- 0.10 mm) compared to the FS200 flaps (log(NA/TA) = 0.03 +/- 0.10 mm), (P< 0.01). We concluded that both the VisuMax and FS200 created flaps larger than the preoperative targeted diameter. VisuMax created corneal flaps that had a greater degree of deviation from the targeted diameter when compared to flaps from the FS200. However, there was less variance in the VisuMax flap diameter. In addition, VisuMax flaps were more nasally displaced. There were no statistically significant differences in visual outcomes when comparing the two femtosecond lasers.

Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Medical Hypothesis, Discovery & Innovation Ophthalmology Journal, Volume:8 Issue:3, 2019
241 - 249  
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