The Use of Pectoralis Major Musculocutaneus and Deltopectoral Flaps in Oromandibular Defects Reconstruction
Message:
Abstract:

The main complication in patients with combined treatment of head, neck, mandibular and maxillary tumors is osteoradionecrosis, which appears after radiation therapy. Radiation therapy is widely used to treat cancer, but growing concern is related to the risk of osteoradionecrosis after treatment. This can occur after radiation therapy. Below, we would like to describe the treatment of osteoradionecrosis, which appeared 5 years after radiation therapy in a 54-year-old male patient. In 2012, a patient in Turkey was diagnosed with adenocystic carcinoma of the tongue base, and surgery was performed to remove the tumor after the patient underwent a course of radiotherapy. In 2016, the patient underwent again a surgery for tumor recurrence. In December 2017, the patient was admitted to our clinic with osteoradionecrosis. We performed segmental resection of the mandible, type I right-sided modified neck dissection, reconstruction of the mandible with a titanium plate and a pectoralis major muscle skin flap. The technique described in this case is the insertion of a well-vascularized tissue into the pre-irradiated and necrotic hypovascular region of the mandible with a skin-muscle flap of the pectoralis major muscle wrapped around the plate for reconstruction. As a result, a pectoralis major flap coverred the mouth floor on internal side and the outside skin defect was covered with a deltopectoral one. The viability of the skin-muscle flap of the pectoralis major muscle was assessed using clinical monitoring, checking the flap every four hours for the first 3 days. This study describes a successful outcome.

Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
English
Published:
World Journal of Plastic Surgery, Volume:8 Issue:3, 2019
Pages:
401 - 405
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