Attitudes of University Students to Substance Abuse and its Predictors

The present study aims at assessing attitudes of university students towards addictive substances and identifying the factors affecting it as well as factors influencing the formation of the attitude of the students. Addiction to drugs is a social issue resulting from deviant behavior and there are different reasons for students’ tendencies towards addiction. To do this, the researcher considered a framework combining theories of Crach, Cruchfield, Ballachey, Newcomb, Hess, Jennings, Niemi, Zajone, Bandura and Suterland; six hypotheses were determined to identify factors forming attitudes of students. Accordingly, an appropriate questionnaire was designed and 375 students were tested through multiple- stage cluster sampling. The research method is survey. All data were analyzed through the Pearson test as well the Spearman test, Phi and v-Cramer tests. The results have shown that the attitude of families toward narcotic drugs, how friends treat drugs, the consumption of substances by family members and drug abuse by friends, affected the students attitudes toward addictive substances and contribute to the formation of the students’ attitudes to drugs; whereas, families social- economic status and intimacy with family did not influence the attitude of students.

Article Type:
Research/Original Article
پژوهشنامه مددکاری اجتماعی, Volume:1 Issue:3, 2015
157 - 188  
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