The Critical Analysis of Mullā Ṣadrā's Burhan al-Siddiqin “the Proof of the Veracious” Based on Two Approaches
Message:
Abstract:

Burhan al-Siddiqin, the Proof of the Veracious is an argument among other arguments for proving the existence of God. According to the principles of hukama (Islamic philosophers), this demonstration is ‘the firmest and most concise proof’ (burhan-e asadd akhsar) ones for proving the existence of God and in this proof it is not argued by other than God for proving God. Mullā Ṣadrā has advanced an exposition of Burhan al-Siddiqin based on the primacy of existence (asalat al-wujud), graded unity of being (wahdat-i tashkiki-i wujud) and possibly ontological poverty (faqr) of the existent things and he claims that his demonstration has the provisions of Burhan al-Siddiqin but different Explanations of his demonstration have been put forward and different critiques have been provided such as this proof contrary to its claim has several preliminaries. This paper is going to study and analyze Mullā Ṣadrā's Burhan according to two approaches means graded unity of being (wahdat-i tashkiki-i wujud) and the individual unity of the existence (al-wahdat al-shakhsi wujud) evaluates this proof. This examination shows that Mullā Ṣadrā's Burhan al-Siddiqin based on the approach of the individual unity of the existence is closer to the mentioned conditioned demonstration. But in this case, the demonstration faces other problems.

Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
Persian
Published:
نشریه آموزه های فلسفه اسلامی, No. 24, 2019
Pages:
109 - 128
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