Professional Ethics in the Field of Psychology and Counseling (Take a Look at Client’s Confidentiality and Privacy)
Background and Aim

Confidentiality and privacy are references to fundamental principles and important pillars of therapeutic relationship and professional ethics in the field of psychological and counseling activities. Psychologists and counselors are required to protect their clients' secrets in accordance with their professional and legal duty. The purpose of this study was to explain the dimensions of confidentiality and disclosure of secrets in the field of psychotherapy services and to consult and analyze the existing laws in this area.

Materials and Methods

In this research, the ethical code of the organization of psychology and counseling and related laws has been analyzed.


According to the ethical code of the organization of the psychological and legal system, psychologists and counselors are required to maintain the secrets of their clients. Accordingly, if a psychologist or counsel discloses the secrets of his clients, he has a legal responsibility. Of course, it's important to note that confidentiality is relative and that there may be circumstances in which a specialist, under the law, is required to violate the confidentiality and disclosure of his clients' information. Ethical Considerations: Integrity and honesty in reporting, ducumanting citing of resourdes were observed. This research is carried out at personal expense without any financial support.


This study suggests that confidentiality and privacy of the clients is an issue that has been neglected in Iran. There are significant deficiencies in the ethics code and laws that need to be reviewed in light of new issues and challenges. At the same time, professional ethics and confidentiality issues should be considered in the curriculum and retraining courses.

Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Journal of Medical Ethics, Volume:13 Issue:44, 2019
روش‌های دسترسی به متن این مطلب
اشتراک شخصی
در سایت عضو شوید و هزینه اشتراک یک‌ساله سایت به مبلغ 300,000ريال را پرداخت کنید. همزمان با برقراری دوره اشتراک بسته دانلود 100 مطلب نیز برای شما فعال خواهد شد!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی همه کاربران به متن مطالب خریداری نمایند!