Designing the Spiritual Health Relationship Model with the Educational and Well-being Components of Master's nursing Students in Critical Care: A Mixed Study

Identifying factors that can help to ensure and promote the spiritual well-being of the students may draw an outlook for educational system to train and nurture nurses who are optimistic, meaningful and purposeful in their upcoming career. The study purpose was designing the spiritual health relationship model with the educational and well-being components of the master nursing students in critical care.


A mixed research conducted in two phases of narrative review and three-step Delphi approach in the second-half of 1394 and the first-half of 1395. Through purposeful and snowball sampling 35 experts in spiritual health were selected and participated in the five stages of panel. To design the initial version of the study model, all available articles in “Iranian Journal of Medical Education” were reviewed. Quantitative and qualitative categorization, prioritizing and categorizing the variables into two groups of educational and well-being components were done in three stages of Delphi study.


The findings of this study showed that students' spiritual well-being is in a two-ways and mutual-relation between student's academic components including academic satisfaction, academic self-efficacy and academic-motivation and well-being components including psychological well-being, thoughtful practice and cultural intelligence.


Monitoring and enhancing the academic and well-being components of master students of critical care and their related variables, either in the form of initial screening or during the course of study, should be considered by educational system in order to maintain and enhance the spiritual well-being of students, which is one of the most important prerequisites for providing holistic care.

Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Journal of Nursing Education, Volume:8 Issue: 3, 2019
1 - 12  
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