The landscapes and landscapes of nature are tourist-friendly destinations and attractions, so it is essential to protect them in order to achieve sustainable development. This paper investigates and categorizes two topics of ecotourism and environmental protection that have two different but interrelated approaches. Overall, it is important to look at how and how the negative and positive effects of the ecotourism industry and natural resources are to be treated. If, from the point of view of economics and the profitability aspect of tourism, natural resources are taken into consideration and more important to planners, the tourism industry will become a factor for destruction and an excuse for profitability of nature. In other words, nature will become an instrument for income generation and will disappear. But from a forward-looking perspective, the growth of the ecotourism industry in protected areas and natural areas can conserve these valuable resources and prioritize the protection of the environment over the tourism industry. Planning for ecotourism should be such that it is minimally and preferably free of biodiversity damage in the planning and management of ecotourism. The benefits of unsustainable tourism and damaging to natural and even cultural environments will be short-lived and will boom and irreparable damage to the environment. But while using ecotourism based on environmental principles, one can easily sense its long-term economic impact at national and local levels. Intercity Wildlife Refuge has the potential to attract tourists with the right location and specific ecosystem. In this research, descriptive and analytical and using library documents as well as field observations and SWOT analysis, the characteristics and potentials of tourism in Miankaleh Wildlife Refuge have been investigated, in addition to identifying their potential for ecosystem conservation and sustainability. Attempt to provide optimal conservation strategies in view of the role and importance of sustainable development.
The role of protected areas in the development of ecotourism(Case Study of Miankaleh Wildlife Refuge Using SWOT Model)
Geography and Human Relations, Volume:2 Issue:1, 2019
369 - 387
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