Turbulent Structures in the Wake of a Wind Turbine Using Large Eddy Simulation

In the present work the flow around a horizontal axis wind turbine has been studiedusing large Eddy simulation at different rotational speeds. The results show increasing rotational speedscauses a higher velocity deficit in the downstream direction. For example, in 1D after the wind turbinethe minimum velocity is 54% of the initial velocity and reach to the 67% of the initial velocity after waketravel 6D. At the rotational speed of λ3= 10 the minimum velocity is 26% of the initial velocity and reachto the 68% of the initial velocity after wake travel 6D. The frequency of vortex shedding is increasedby increasing the rotational speeds. Shed vortices tend to be extended in the y direction and its intensityaugmented by increasing the rotational speeds. The strengthen of vortices at higher rotational directionin far wake region not only due to the increased of swirling strength, but it is also due to the collision ofvortices and the formation of new vortices. This issue has not been reported in previous works. Also, theincrease of turbulence intensity and Reynolds shear stress in the flow direction is due to the severe windshear and high mechanical production of turbulent kinetic energy.

Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Amirkabir Journal Mechanical Engineering, Volume:51 Issue:2, 2019
261 - 280
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