Islamic Iranian Architectural Capabilities in Textile Design with Emphasis on Interior Home Decoration

Tiles from Islamic times and their unique decorations are one of the main manifestations of deep spiritual concepts and cultural events, which are changed to one of the treasures of the Islamic art. These decorations have several abilities in the field of design and visual communication and are important in the contemporary applied arts. The documentation of the present research is the Islamic architectural works, especially tiles of Nasir al-Molk mosque of Shiraz. Studying and investigating the tile decorations of this mosque can help to recognize the cultural identity of it. This paper attempts to answer the question by analyzing and describing the collected data in a field and library about decorating arrays of this building. This reflects how the tile designs of this historical building can be used in textile design and interior home decoration. In this way, first we take pictures from the motifes of the tiles so they are evaluated and analyzed. In the next step, existent capabilities of these motifs be investigated for textile design. Finally, the suffiecent motifs are selected and changed and textile design for interior home decoration is performed. The findings of the research show that however most of the motifs used in Nasir al-Molk mosque of Shiraz is affected by west decorative arts and are naturally and non-abstract, but the principles of aesthetics and the specific features of the Iranian tradition have been deliberately and timidly taken into consideration by the designers of the time. So these designs have sufficient applied and visual capabilities to use applied arts, especiaaly textile design, in accordance with Iranian identity and the standards of the modern society.

Journal of Islamic Crafts, Volume:4 Issue:1, 2019
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