Predictive Factors of Mammography Based on Health Belief Model in Healthy Volunteers in Isfahan City Healthcare Centers
IntroductionCancer, such chronic and non - contagious diseases, is known to its importance, due to the changes in the incidence of diseases in the world and the profound psychological impact of the disease on the foundation of family, and community. Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer and is the second reason for deaths in women. Mammography is the most accurate method of distinction and diagnosis of breast cancer at the early stages in many countries and can identify non-touch waste and help to detect tangible masses.
MethodThe present study is of a cross-sectional base manner that has been carried out on 160 healthy volunteers from the healthcare unit of the city of Isfahan. Sampling was carried out in accessible manner. The data collection tool was a multi-part questionnaire including awareness questions, demographic characteristics, behavior, and behavioral intention and standardized questionnaire (Champion’s Health Belief Model). The collected data were analyzed with SPSS Version 16 software. Participation in this study was informed consent.
ResultsAlso, in this study, the highest percentage of research units (53 percent) in the age group were under 45. The median age of the participants was 46.52 with a standard deviation of 7.06. 145(90.6%) of the participants so far were informed about breast cancer, a source of information (62.5%) 100 of the physicians and health centers employees. Regarding the evaluation of model constructs in the field of breast cancer and breast self-examination, 98 (61.2%) persons with moderate knowledge, 122(76.2%) persons with low perceived susceptibility, 105 (65.6%) Of the subjects with moderate perceived severity,93 (58.1%) persons had moderate perceived benefits and 110(68.8%) persons had moderate perceived benefits.
ConclusionThe results of the study showed that the level of behavior and behavioral intentions of mammography in healthy volunteers is low. The results of this study also reveal the need for more attention of health planners in the country to educate and promote screening methods and remove barriers.
Iranian Journal of Cancer Care, Volume:1 Issue:3, 2019
38 - 45
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