Novel RFLP Method for Detection of Four Avian Infectious Bronchitis Virus Genotypes (Massachusetts, 793/B, Variant2, and QX)
Message:
Abstract:
Background and Objectives

Infectious bronchitis (IB) is one of the major economically critical poultry diseases distributed worldwide including Iran. Different IB virus (IBV) genotypes are circulating in different geographical regions. Typing of IBV strains is useful for implementation of control measures and for understanding the epidemiology and evolution of IBV. S1 gene sequencing is used for IBV genotyping. Massachusetts, 793/B, QX, and   IS-14194 IBV genotypes currently exist in Iranian poultry farms.

Materials and Methods

This study aims to design an RFLP-based method to do genotyping and confirm of mentioned IBV genotypes. After amplification of parts of the S1 gene (RT-PCR), the PCR products treated with four enzymes (SfoI: Massachusetts, BtsCI: 793/B, MspI: IS-1494, and NruI: QX) and finally visualized on agarose gel electrophoresis.

Results

  Results showed 100 percent of the specificity of the newly designed method (in compare with Sequencing).

Conclusion

 This method can be used to do primary confirmation and fast screening of   Massachusetts, 793/B, QX, and   IS-14194   IBV genotypes and even in local laboratories without the need for sequencing.

Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
English
Published:
Iranian Journal of Virology, Volume:12 Issue:2, 2018
Pages:
19 - 24
magiran.com/p2043108  
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