The Effectiveness of Sound Therapy by Tomatis Method on Executive Functions in Dyslexic Students in Academic Years 2018-19 in Tehran
Author(s):
Message:
Abstract:
Purpose
with regard to the nature of cognitive and perceptual aspects, dyslexia is believed to be a defect in the development of brain cells in the visual and auditory areas. So significant evidence has confirmed the origin of dysfunctional neurology, one of the new interventions for a group of children with dyslexia is the use of approaches such as sound therapy, which little research has been conducted in Iran. Therefore, the present study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the effectiveness of sound therapy by Tomatis method on executive functions in dyslexic students.
Methods
 
This study is an experimental study. From students who had been diagnosed with dyslexia admitted to counseling and rehabilitation clinics in Tephran, 14 students were selected via convenience sampling. Afterwards, they were divided into two experimental groups, experimental (sound therapy by the Tomatis method) and control group (without intervention). In the next stage, the Stroop Test, N-Back test, Wisconsin card sorting test (WCST) and tower of London (ToL) test were performed on the subjects of each of the two groups and the obtained scores were considered as pre-test scores. Then, an independent variable was applied, in other words, the experimental group received 30 sessions of treatment 3 times a week, about 2 hours in length led to the intervention of "sound therapy by the Tomatis method", while control group were just followed. At the end of intervention post-test was performed and then groups were followed up after 1.5 months. The data were evaluated using repeated measures ANOVA by statistical software SPSS-22 with p<0.05 considered as statistically significant.
Results
The results showed that sound therapy had an impact on improving executive functions (selective attention, cognitive flexibility, abstract reasoning, change in relation, cognitive function, ability to plan and organize) in dyslexic students (p<0.005).
Conclusions
According to the findings, considering the usefulness of sound therapy on improving the performance of dyslexic students and considering the short duration of these interventions and their attractiveness for children, it seems that applying this method can be beneficial to learning disabilities and other disorders that are caused by imperfections in executive functions.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
Persian
Published:
The Journal of Paramedical Science and Rehabilitation, Volume:8 Issue: 3, 2019
Pages:
34 - 44
magiran.com/p2047413  
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