Today, environmental crises have threatened the lives of humankind in a worrying way, in so far as it threatens the lives of humans and other organisms on the planet. A quick look at the environmental situation in recent decades suggests that human activities and behaviors have been the most effective and important causes of environmental changes. Meanwhile, the most effective way to protect the environment is to evaluate people's behavior and performance, in reaching the foundations of sustainable life.
The purpose of this study was to analyze the assessment of nomads’ environmental behaviors before and after the implentation of the JICA project in the Bazoft sector.
This is an applied research, with a descriptive-analytical method. Library information and field studies have been used to collect information. The statistical population of this research consisted nomad groups; also local administrators (of village managers, and Islamic Council members), residing in the five villages studied: Tabarok-e-Sofla, Gaazestan, Maazereshteh, Dorak-e-Sofla, and Tarom; where the JICA project was implemented. Based on the population of the nomadic households residented in these five villages, 210 households were selected and completed the questionnaire; while, a sample of 15 officials was selected in total. To analyze the data, Descriptive statistical tests, also tests such as U-man-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis test, and Wilcoxon test were used.
results showed that the environmental behavior of nomads, had improved (3.46) significantly after the implementation of the JICA plan, compared with the average of the nomadic environmental behaviors before the implementation of the JICA scheme (1.9). Results also showed that there was a significant difference in the social and cultural environmental-behaviors of the nomads of the villages, before and after the implementation of the JICA scheme.
In the present article, nomads’ environmental behaviors, before and after the implementation of the JICA Plan, has been evaluated and evaluated for the first in the country.
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