The ontological foundations of Imam Khomeini in the ranking of the beings of the unseen world

Imam Khomeini, with critical view on the ranking pyramid of creatures in classical philosophy, believes that the criterion of being superior to one another is the degree of epistemic development in the discovery of the worlds of being and not only that other beings share this trait with humanity, but also what Some creatures of the universe may have more developed intelligence, wisdom, and wisdom than some human beings, and we must consider those particular beings superior to some humans. The consequence of this view is that he believe that the famous proposition that "man is absolutely above all contingent creatures" is contemplative. The main question of this study is: Imam Khomeini on what intellectual basis presented such an opinion? It seems that the main intellectual basis of this idea is the basis of the unity and simplicity of existence, and the immanence of existential attributes and perfection in all beings of the unseen world, and in particular, the emanation of the knowledge to the beings as the main criterion for the development of contingent beings.

Article Type:
Research/Original Article
فصلنامه کلام اسلامی, Volume:27 Issue:108, 2019
33 - 51  
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