The main purpose of this study is to identify open innovation components and providing a model for implementing open innovation in university.
The present study is a qualitative study which identified and extracted the components of open innovation by thematic analysis and in an inductive manner. The field of research was all open innovation articles and books in the period from 2007 to 2018. Thematic analysis is a method for recognizing, analyzing and reporting patterns in qualitative data. Thematic analysis is done in a variety of methods. In this research, the "Thematic Network" has been used. The validity of the research was approved by the referee by the audit method. To calculate reliability, coding is done by studying row to row of selected resources manually by two individuals individually. After coding, the results of these two coding are compared by the Holsti method.
After studying and selecting and coding the texts of articles related to open innovation, 54 basic themes were extracted from different sections of the articles. From these basic themes, 10 organizing themes and finally 3 global themes of “organizational factors” and “customer factors” and “relation factors” were extracted.
Based on the results of thematic analysis and identifying the components of open innovation, a model for implementing open innovation in the university was presented that this model categorized influential components on the implementation of open innovation in the university in three groups of factors associated with the organization and organizational structure of the university, Factors related to university customers and factors related to the internal and external communication of the university.