It is the political behavior in today’s competition space that assists enterprises to achieve competition advantage of organizations. The present research aims at studying the relationship between in-organization factors and political behavior emphasizing the intermediary role of perceiving the policy in Sport Ministry and Federations (of football, volleyball, handball, basketball, weight-lifting, wrestling, taekwondo, veterans and disabled). Population of the study includes all staff (1498 people) of the Sport Ministry and Federations among which 705 people were randomly selected as samples. Quantitative data were collected through questionnaire distribution. The staff filled in the questionnaire including Machiavellianism, self-protection, control focus, job independence, feedback, skill diversity, relationship with manager, concentration, formality, cooperation in decision-making, procedural justice and perceiving the policy. The proposed pattern was evaluated by Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) and using software SPSS (19th edition) and PLS. Findings of the research showed that the proposed model was fitted well with data. Findings of the research indicate that the relationship between in-organization factors and political behavior is not significant and the policy perception mediates the relationship between in-organization factors and political behavior. Politics is a true to life in the organizations. Those who are not able to observe their political behavior cannot understand the fact that organization is a political system. Thus, the organizations should lead to the politicization and managers should take necessary attempts toward this importance to reach organizational goals.
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