Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common metabolic disease worldwide and has many complications. Vascular events are the major complication of DM, which have an important effect on mortality and disability. Physical activity (PA) enhances the vascular function by several pathways. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between PA and vascular diseases in patients with DM.
This study was performed as a case-control study extracted from a prospective epidemiological research study in Iran. Patients with type 2 DM for more than six months as a case group were compared to sex- and agematched healthy control subjects. The metabolic equivalent of task score was used to evaluate the level of PA and blood glucose, lipid profile, body mass index, overweight, dyslipidemia, glomerular filtration rate, myocardial infarction, unstable angina, and stroke.
Overall, 1242 patients with DM were extracted, and 2484 non-DM subjects were investigated. In the case group, 355 (28.6%) and 887 (71.4%) subjects were men and women, respectively, and 710 (28.6%) men and 1774 (71.4%) women were in the control group. The mean metabolic equivalent of task score was 30 and 40.97 in the DM and non-DM groups, respectively (P˂0.001). The frequency of myocardial infarction, stroke, and cardiac ischemia was 44 (3.5%), 37 (3%), and 267 (21.5%) in the DM group, and 54 (2.2%), 43 (1.7%), and 389 (15.7%) in the non-DM group, respectively.
The incidence of vascular events associated with PA level in patients with DM and adherence to regular PA reduced vascular events and DM complications.