Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an invasive and lethal form of breast cancer. PI3K pathway, which often activated in TNBC patients, can be a target of miRNAs. The purpose of this study was bioinformatic prediction of miRNAs targeting the key genes of this pathway and evaluation of the expression of them and their targets in TNBC.
We predicted miRNAs targeting PIK3CA and AKT1 genes using bioinformatics tools. Extraction of total RNA, synthesis of cDNA and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction were performed from 18 TNBC samples and normal adjacent tissues and cell lines.
Our results demonstrated that miR-576-5p, miR-501-3p and miR-3143 were predicted to target PIK3CA, AKT1 and both of these mRNAs, respectively and were down-regulated while their target mRNAs were up-regulated in clinical samples and cell lines. The analysis of the receiver operating characteristic curve was done for the evaluation of the diagnostic value of predicted miRNAs in TNBC patients.
The findings of our study demonstrated the reverse correlation between miRNAs and their target genes and therefore the possibility of these miRNAs to be proposed as new candidates for TNBC targeted therapies.