The Rise of Individualism and Culture in War Historiography: Since World War II until the Beginning of 21st Century
Message:
Abstract:

Western historiography has experienced numerous developments during the 19th and 20th centuries, some of which being the departure from "literary history” toward “scientific history”, thereby toward “social sciences-oriented history” and interdisciplinary studies, and nowadays being subject to “post-modern criticism”. The result of all these developments has been the tendency of historiography of modern time to “individualism” and “culture” rather than “holism” and “economy and politics”. Western war historiography has been no exception to such evolutions. While providing a brief account of the developments of Western historiography, the present article, through an explicative-genetic approach, aims to analyze the impact of such developments on the transformation of war historiography. The analysis was performed revolving around five topics comprising of 1. Presuppositions, 2. Valuation, 3. Explicative systems, 4. Thematic organization and categorization, and 5. Reference typology. As a result of this study, one can talk about two groups of “classic historiographers of war” who, focusing on “scientific history”, sometimes allow the new developments of historical studies to influence them within the above-mentioned five topics and “new historiographers of war” who, by contrast, may sporadically have hindsight on the obsolete remnants of “scientific history”.

Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
Persian
Published:
Historical Study of War, Volume:3 Issue:3, 2019
Pages:
113 - 136
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