If we want to observe the knowledge management in schools, we should operationalize it’s elements creation, release and application of knowledge, and increase the students motivations for sharing of knowledge and data exchange. The aim of sharing of knowledge is improvement of school community or raising the school knowledge base for more effective and efficient decision making in all aspects of educational organization. The revolution process in schools routinely, is up to down transfer in organization structure that is possible only by direct actions of school principals. Obviously, intellectual style of principal would be effective. A principal with one intellectual style could facilitate the process of creation, release and apply of knowledge, and the other principal with other intellectual style. Not only could be helpful. But as to could be a serious barrier in these steps. Sensitivity and importance of management and leadership in elementary schools is more than other courses due to the commencement of education and it’s effects on continuation of education process. Acquaintance with intellectual style could be helpful for people to identify their strengths and weakness and understand how developed their strategies in decision making and problem salving. This could decrease the wrong decisions. Recognition of thinking style and related variables in education is necessary. Because many differences in people performance could be related to thinking style instead of their ability (Zareei, 2001). On the other hand, understanding the thinking style help people to better understand why some activities are suitable for them and some others are not, indeed the thinking style is one reason for people different actions. The thinking style of one principal has a considerable effect on correct decision for knowledge creation in organization, the process of making availed and improving the created knowledge by people in organization and applying this knowledge among employees. Principal’s thought directly appear it’s influence on decisions, plans, behaviors, and how to dealing with different problems and conditions in organization, and by these results, establishing and tuning the principal’s thought could be traced. It seems that with improvement of thinking style of principals, the knowledge management in organization could be enhanced, and more attention to knowledge management lead the employees to work in growth and eloquence way by talent, motivation and latent and potential forces beside the wisdom strategy. In this research attempted to examine whether the thinking method of principals could be anticipated base on creation, release and application of knowledge? This study according to the application purpose and data collection method is descriptive, are variable and correlation. The studied statistical population in this research include all principals of schools and education organization in Alborz province in 2017-2018 in all courses and education bureaus. Normally, applying the questionnaire for principals is difficult, because they are busy and the questionnaire was given base on their agreement and verification. Therefore, the available sampling method was used. Among about you people, 167 people answered the questionnaire as on available sample. The measuring tool of questionnaire were made by knowledge management in 12 items, including three elements. Questions number 1 to 4, knowledge creation, number 5 to 8, knowledge application, 9 to 12, knowledge release. Principals inform about their ideas as four degree range (always, frequently, sometimes, rarely), and questionnaire of thinking method which was made by Harisun and Beramsun (2002), this section is a set of 18 questions with 5 options and everyone ranks it according to his preferences, that 5 has the most and 1 has the less similarity to him. The obtained total score of 18 questions of each option evaluate one intellectual style. The total scare of first question measure combined intellectual style, second question evaluate idealistic style, the third one pragmatic style, the fourth one analyst style, the fifth one realist style. The score 60 or more than it, is the peak of intellectual style, score between 49-59 could be adopted by intellectual style with various conditions, and score 48 or less in portial intellectual style which could be ignored. The final evaluation of credit of knowledge management questionnaire was evaluate a=0/9125 and credit of it’s elements are knowledge creation (F1)=0/7803, knowledge release (F2)=0/1118, knowledge application (F3)=0/8527, respectively. The credit of intellectual style questionnaire is evaluated as follow: combined thought (A)=0/873, idealistic thought (B)=0/6188, pragmatic thought (C0/1848, analyst thought (D)=0/8917, realist thought (E)=0/8017. In addition, the questionnaire of elements is one dementia and for it’s final evaluation, the Cronbach’s Alpha Formula could not be used, so the Ferguson Formula (1949) were used. The data were analyzed by one sample tests(t), Friedman Chi square and basic correlation. The results of analysis of data indicated that the stualied statistical population in all elements of thinking style have obtained the scores of 49-59. It means that they are intermediate in all thinking levels and can adapt with different conditions, and they haven’t reach to the peak of the intellectual style. In population from which the sample group have been extracted, the knowledge management variables were intermediate the knowledge creation variables were intermediate range, and knowledge release variables were upper than intermediate and knowledge application variable was evaluated in intermediate level. In this population, in thinking variables of principals set, pragmatic thinking has the upper grade and cornbined thought has the lower grade. Analysit thinking variable is in second grade, idealist thought is in third grade and realist thought if in fourth grade. And in the set of knowledge management variables, release variable is first, knowledge creation is second and knowledge application is third grade. So, in the studied population. Science application is in lower grade. In Chi square fit model, the relationship between sex and knowledge creation, type of school. With knowledge application and realist thought have been verified, and other personal properties have no relation with elements of knowledge management and thinking style. And for answer the last question (i.e. could it possible to anticipate principal thought base on creation, release and application of knowledge?) the correlation model were used, and according to the results, relation among them were verified. Therefore, the set of principals thoughts with knowledge management elements in the studied organizations were belonged to various fields and more and less are working independent of each other.
Predicting the principals' thouht based on knowledge creation, distribution & application
Journal of School administration, Volume:7 Issue:2, 2019
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