Given the importance of organizational ethics and the role of organizational virtuousness in fostering positive interactions, present study aimed to investigate the relationship between organizational health and virtuousness with mediating role of organizational justice.
In this descriptive-correlational study based on Structural Equation Modeling, 218 high school teachers in district 1 of Zahedan city were selected by proportional-stratified random sampling method in 2018-19 academic years. Hoy et al’s Organizational Health (1996), Cameron et al’s Organizational Virtuousness (2004) and Niehoff & Moorman’s Organizational Justice (1993) questionnaires were used for data collection. Correlation coefficient and structural equation modeling were used for data analysis by Lisrel and SPSS software.
The means and standard deviations of organizational health, organizational justice and organizational virtuousness were 171.32±24.5, 77.4±10.91 and 62.12±9.1 respectively. There was a significant positive correlation between organizational health with organizational justice (r=0.776, p<0.001) and virtuesness (r=0.838, p<0.001) and also, between organizational justice and virtuesness (r=0.779, p<0.001). The direct effect of organizational health on organizational virtuesness (t=2.89, β=0.33) and justice (t=9.78, β=0.9) and the direct effect of organizational justice on organizational virtuesness (t=2.18, β=0.25) was significant. The indirect effect of organizational health on organizational virtuesness with the mediating role of organizational justice was also significant (β=0.225).
According to the findings, managers of organizations can promote organizational virtuesness by promoting organizational health and organizational justice.