Because of the innate desire of human to eternal life, he tries to use every effort to continue life. In the cryonics method, scientists trough freezing the patient take him into a deep sleep, hoping to bring him back to life after discovering his cure in the future. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ethical challenges in freezing of the patients with incurable disease.
In this analytical study, relevant and published articles were purposely searched and retrieved, and then ethical arguments for and against freezing of patients with incurable disease were discussed and criticized from a principlist approach.
From the perspective of respect for individual autonomy, the implementation of cryonics according to the wishes and interests of the patient with incurable disease is an ethical choice and also has no harm to the patient as it prevents death. On the other hand, it resulted in social utility through preserving scientists and social capitals life. Public access to this procedure can mean that justice is done. However, ethical challenges in the three domains include: individual (uncertainty of the patient's returnability to life and psychological differentiation in the eventual return); family relations (imposing financial costs on the family and causing legal turmoil in the family relationships) and social (the loss of the function of death as well as the increased willingness to suicide) causes a lack of strength and logic of the implementation of cryonics.
Although it may be ethical to freeze patients with incurable disease, it still faces challenges.