The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between personality traits and coping strategies in the alexithymia prediction of chronic obstructive pulmonary patients referred to Valiasr Hospital in Fasa, Iran.
The statistical population of this study included all patients referring to the specialized clinic of Vali Asr Hospital in Fasa, which were selected by random sampling method of 180 people based on Cochran sample size formula. In this study, three Alexey Times Toronto Questionnaires (FTAS-20), Neo-Personality Traits Questionnaire (NEO-IP-R), and Lazarus and Folkman Coping Strategies were used, Data were analyzed using SPSS software and correlation method and stepwise regression analysis were used.
The results showed that there was a significant correlation between neuroticism, extroversion and agreeableness personality traits and emotional coping strategies(P =0.000). However, no significant relationship was found between personality trait openness and conscientiousness and coping strategies. Also, the excitement style (P = 0.745; Beta = 0.745), extroversion (P = 0.331, Beta = 0.300), neuroticism (P =.0000 Beta =.288) and agreement P = 0.098 Beta =.098) can predict Alexithymia in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). But age, gender, and education were not good predictors of the Alexei time in Copd patients.
The results of this study showed that the personality factors of neuroticism, extraversion and consensus-seeking can predict the changes in Alexis time in both positive and negative directions, and the anti-emotional coping style is also negatively predicted by Alexei Time.