Investigation of forest fire hazard areas in Golestan province based on fire risk system index (FRSI) using the technique (GIS)
Message:
Abstract:

Fire in natural resources is one of the crises that causes irreparable damage to ecosystems and the environment every year. The purpose of this research is to attempt to study areas of risk aversion and to prepare a map of forest fire hazard area by integrating topographic data and other additional information from a GIS system for Golestan province. In order to carry out this research, firstly, with the removal of the recorded data related to the situation of fires occurred in 2009 and 2010, the domain of all natural resources of Golestan province was carried out. In order to identify areas with high fire potential, static parameters were used to control the burning of forest forests (elevation, slope, slope direction, land use / land cover, evaporation rate). Each of the static parameters is divided into different classes And to each class, using bachelor's knowledge and review of research, ground data and the results of the above studies are weighted from one to ten. In the following, by using overlap of these layers with different weights, areas with high fire potential were identified for the forests of Golestan province. Finally, all weights were summed up, the final weight was obtained and a fire hazard map was prepared. The Arctic GIS9.2 software has been used to generate a fire hazard map. Also, The fire risk index (FRSI), the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index(NDVI), and the zoning map, have a fire hazard in the risk category (very low to high) ). The results showed that most of the fires occurred in hardy and covered with forested areas, as well as in the forested areas with a crown and an intermediate cover, and in the next stage, in the woods and shrubland areas. In calculating the calculation of fire density in altitudes, the results showed that approximately 90 percent of fires occurred in average altitudes between 700 and 1500 meters. Overall, the findings showed that 90 percent of burns occurred continuously in areas With fire hazard, 30% in hazardous areas and 60% in extreme areas, so that its Galikesh, Minoodasht, , Azadshahr has high risk of high fire.

Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
Persian
Published:
Journal of Spatial Analysis Environmental Hazarts, Volume:6 Issue:3, 2019
Pages:
89 - 102
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