Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a common health problem in women which is not revealed to the family most of the times. One of the ways for promoting the health level is taking into account the individuals’ level of self-care behaviors which was examined in this study. SO in this study, the impact of family-centered empowerment model on quality of life in women with stress urinary incontinence is discussed.
This study is a randomised clinical trial. Sampling was done through convenience sampling method, the subjects (N=64) were divided into intervention and control groups, using the blocked random method. For the intervention group, the interventions based on family-centered empowerment model which included four stages (perception of threat, problem solving, educational participation and evaluation) were performed using group discussion, representation, and training participation. Research tools included questionnaires of demographic and disease information, and researcher-made questionnaire of self-care behaviors for women with urinary incontinence.
The total score of self-care behaviors after intervention was 55.90 in the intervention group and 42.75 in the control group. The independent t-test showed a significant difference after intervention between the two groups (P = 0.001).
The results of the study indicated that the intervention based on the family-centered empowerment model has been effective in the promotion of the self-care behaviors of the women suffering from the stress urinary incontinence. Therefore, it is suggested that the health team uses this model as an appropriate solution so as to support the non-hospitalized women living in the society and enhance their adjustment with the available conditions.